Salmonella reports in UK animals increase in 2020

Overall findings of Salmonella in livestock in the United Kingdom in 2020 went up, according to a report.

Data covers Salmonella reports from livestock in England, Wales and Scotland collected by the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) during 2020. Samples were taken from premises including farms, hatcheries, veterinary practices, zoos and slaughterhouses.

The rise came despite a reduction in non-statutory surveillance and clinical diagnosis submissions in many species because of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown measures.

The document revealed 5,263 lab reports of Salmonella from humans were sent to Public Health England, Public Health Wales and Public Health Scotland in 2020. This is 45 percent lower than the 9,588 isolations in 2019 and 48 percent down from 10,143 in 2018.

Salmonella by animal and type
In 2020, the number of Salmonella isolations overall from cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry increased by 7.6 percent compared with 2019 to 3,279 from 3,046 isolations but decreased by 7.3 percent on 2018 numbers.

Compared to 2019, fewer isolations from cattle, sheep, turkeys and ducks were recorded, but those for pigs and chickens rose. Most Salmonella reports from cattle, sheep and pigs are because of clinically diseased animals whereas those from chickens and turkeys are mostly from surveillance.

There were 52 isolations of Salmonella Newport in chickens, which is more than 10 times the number in 2019. Many of these were from an ongoing outbreak investigation in the layer sector. A single isolate of Salmonella Mikawasima — not related to a human outbreak strain — was isolated from chickens in the UK for the first time. The presence of one strain of Salmonella indicates others may be present.

There were two and a half times more isolations of Salmonella Agona with 103 in 2020 versus 40 in 2019, twice as many of Salmonella Bovismorbificans from 20 to 43 and almost three times as many Salmonella Newport isolations to 66. Salmonella Kedougou also went up. Isolations of Salmonella Typhimurium increased from 124 in 2019 to 159.

There were fewer isolations of Salmonella Derby from 183 to 39, Salmonella Indiana fell from 101 to 65 and Salmonella Mbandaka dropped from 451 to 326. Reports of Salmonella Enteritidis were at 34 in 2020 compared with 50 in 2019.

A total of 3,527 isolations of Salmonella from livestock in 2020 were noted, which is up almost 3 percent from 2019. They mostly came from chickens, followed by cattle, ducks, turkeys, pigs, sheep and horses.

Two isolations were found in geese compared with none the year before. The figure went down for horses to 41. There were only a few from pheasants and partridge and none from quail, guinea fowl, deer, goats or rabbits. Almost 180 isolations were made from non-statutory species such as cats, dogs and reptiles.

Feed findings
Surveillance data for 2020 shows that only 23.1 percent of the isolations of Salmonella reported to APHA resulted from samples taken because of clinical disease in livestock. This is lower than during both 2019 and 2018. It contrasts with data for Salmonella in humans where reports usually originate from cases of clinical disease.

There were 756 isolations of Salmonella from animal feeding stuffs in 2020, including from compound feed and feed ingredients or products associated with testing under animal by-products regulations. This is an increase of 6 percent compared with 2019 and up from 627 isolations in 2018.

In total, 107 isolations of regulated Salmonella serovars were detected in animal feed and related products. This is higher than the 88 in 2019 and 63 in 2018.

There were 273 isolations of Salmonella from pet food intended to be fed raw during 2020. This is 11.4 percent higher than 2019 and 45.2 percent higher than 2018. A total of 62 isolations were of regulated serovars from raw pet food, which is up from 38 in 2019 and 35 in 2018. Pet food, especially raw foods, can infect people through cross-contamination of utensils and surfaces, as well as inadequate hand washing.

Of the more than 4,200 Salmonella isolates examined during 2020, 68.3 percent were susceptible to all 16 antimicrobial compounds tested. The percentage of isolates resistant to ciprofloxacin in 2020 was 0.5 percent.

(To sign up for a free subscription to Food Safety News, click here.)

Note: This article have been indexed to our site. We do not claim legitimacy, ownership or copyright of any of the content above. To see the article at original source Click Here

Related Posts
Signs of labor: Know what to expect thumbnail

Signs of labor: Know what to expect

Signs of labor: Know what to expectDo you know the typical signs of labor? Understand the changes your body will go through as you prepare to give birth.By Mayo Clinic Staff In the movies, babies are often born quickly and in dramatic fashion. Mothers double over from the pain of a single contraction and suddenly…
Read More
Making every school in Namibia a health promoting school thumbnail

Making every school in Namibia a health promoting school

WHO Namibia with support from the Regional Office in Africa trained 45 school staff, nurses, and school board members from schools in the Oshana region as part of the SURGE flagship programme. The aim of the training was to increase capacity of schools to implement the health promoting school initiative and prepare better to minimize
Read More
Here's When Season 2, Part 2 of <em>The Lincoln Lawyer</em> Is Coming thumbnail

Here’s When Season 2, Part 2 of The Lincoln Lawyer Is Coming

The legal procedural drama The Lincoln Lawyer returned to Netflix recently for another season of criminal intrigue surrounding Mickey Haller, an attorney who takes client meetings in the back of a Lincoln Navigator towncar.The Lincoln Lawyer originated as a series of novels by celebrated crime author Michael Connelly, the first of which was adapted for
Read More
CEND-1 Offers Hope in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer thumbnail

CEND-1 Offers Hope in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

Chemotherapy combined with the CEND-1 cyclic peptide showed promising efficacy, and was well tolerated as a first-line treatment, for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer, researchers reported. In a phase I study of 29 patients evaluable for efficacy, 59% (95% CI 39-77) responded to the combination of CEND-1 -- a novel 9-amino acid cyclic peptide that…
Read More
Paying by mobile phone, facial scan or even with the vein structure: The market for payment solutions is in a state of upheaval thumbnail

Paying by mobile phone, facial scan or even with the vein structure: The market for payment solutions is in a state of upheaval

Der Markt für bargeldloses und mobiles Bezahlen ist in Bewegung. Firmen wie Square oder Sumup ermöglichen Kleinstfirmen, Kartenzahlungen anzunehmen. Die Jahre der Zahlungs-Terminals sind aber möglicherweise gezählt – sie könnten bald neuen Technologien Platz machen. In manchen skandinavischen Ländern wurde das Bezahlen mittels Gesichtsscan bereits getestet. Emmanuele Contini / ImagoDer Markt für Zahlungslösungen ordnet sich…
Read More
Index Of News
Consider making some contribution to keep us going. We are donation based team who works to bring the best content to the readers. Every donation matters.
Donate Now

Subscription Form

Liking our Index Of News so far? Would you like to subscribe to receive news updates daily?